Worshipping Sri Parthasarathi* Swami’s Divine Lotus Feet
with Parijata Flowers
(* Charioteer of Arjun – Refers to Lord Krishna)
“Vruksho Rakshita Rakshitah”
(One who protects trees is protected)
Meaning: One who preserves nature reaps the benefits and one who violates it, slowly but surely travels on the path of self destruction.
Worshipping Sri Parthasarathi* Swami’s Divine Lotus Feet with Parijata Flowers
(Night Flowering Coral Jasmine)
As soon as we think of worshipping Sri Krishna, we think of the peacock feather, tulasi leaves, parijata’s (night flowering coral jasmine flowers), butter from milk, overlaying cream from boiled milk, yogurt and milk curd – these are items that are definitely present.
1. The parijata tree is a manifestation of Divine Mother, Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi herself.
2. Along with several divine items that appeared during the kshira sagara (ocean of milk) mathanam (churning), the parijata tree was also one such sacred item that emerged
3. There are many other names for parijata tree:
• Sri Deva Suvarna
• Sri Deva Kanchana
• Sri Kalpavalli
• Sri Sweta surasa
• Sri Padaga malli
• Sri Shephalika Pushpam
On this planet Earth among the many kinds of kalpavrikshas (wish-fulfilling trees) that are available to mankind, the parijata tree is very important. Any puja related to Sri Krishna or anything related to Sri Vishnu or any temple, this parijata flowers are a must and are always present. There are many beautiful flowers, buds and trees on this Mother Earth. However, parijata is a kalpavriksha, for its various celestial wish fulfilling attributes, after all, kalpavriksha is not a mere flower or tree. It is said that there are pancha (5) kalpa vrikshas, namely:
2. Kalpa vriksham
3. Hari Chandanam
4. Santana vriksham
These flowers blossom abundantly in Sharad rituvu or autumn season which starts from mid-September to mid-November, during the most auspicious and sacred months of Kartika Masam , which comes in November, Pushya Masam which comes between December and January and Maagha Masam which comes in Jan/February.
Flowers from parijata tree are not only dear and precious to Sri Krishna and Lord Vishnu, but to all the devatas (gods). By worshipping Govinda, Sri Krishna, Sri Radha Vallabha (all names refer to Lord Krishna) and/or any other Gods with these blessed flowers, one’s *pancha maha patakas (5 great sins) are destroyed. Not only that, they gain full self-control over their five sensory actions. Ordinarily, no one plucks the flowers out of the tree. They only offer the flowers after they have already fallen on the ground.
It is said that during the kshira sagara mathanam (churning of the ocean), the parijata tree requested Lord Vishnu for an honorable existence. Then Lakshmipati (Sri Vishnu, the Consort of Sri Lakshmi Devi) granted to these extraordinary flowers a captivating beauty of mixed hue of white and yellow petals supported by an orange stalk, with a special, divine fragrance. He granted that nobody will pluck these flowers but should only collect the flowers that have fallen to the ground for worshipping. This is how parijata obtained this special boon from Lord Vishnu.
There are 9 varieties of parijata flowers. It has to be noted that the number 9 has a remarkable and unique significance both numerically and spiritually
1. Mudda parijatam
2. Ontirekka parijatam
3. Neelirangu parijatam
4. Gorinta rangu parijatam
5. Erupu parijatamu
6. Ganneru parijatamu
7. Sweta parijatam
8. Gulabi varna parijatam
9. Pasupu bangaru vanne parijatamu
The most familiar of all the parijata flowers is the sweta parijata tree. The parijata tree is well known as Devata vriksha (divine tree) in the celestial world, which got an unparalleled boon, from Lord Vishnu “that nobody can take the flowers from me unless I offer them to you.”
There are 5 kinds of sparsha (touch) for the parijata flower
1. Vaayu sparsha (air)
2. Surya kanti (sun rays)
3. Chandra kanti (moon rays)
4. Bhumi vritti (Earth)
5. Jala sparsha (water)
These 5 kinds of sparshas (touches) are inherent to that parijata. By using these parijata flowers in the worship, one’s 5 maha patakas (sins) will be destroyed.
The parijata tree doesn’t normally grow everywhere. Wherever this tree grows, there you have the abode of Sri Vasudeva Krishna Bhagavan. Once Satya Bhama Devi (3rd consort to Lord Krishna) requested Sri Krishna to give her the parijata flowers. Then Sri Krishna embarked to heaven and gifted Satya Bhama with the whole parijata tree. Even, today the same tree exists, in a small village of Kintur in the district of Barabank in the State of Uttar Pradesh. The Botanists have described this particular parijata tree as very unique and special compared to other trees in the whole world. The flowers of this tree blossom with a mix of white and gold colors and are radiant and delightful to the heart.
The leaves of the parijata tree are as big as one’s palm. The flowers of this tree full bloom in the months of June, July and August. Some people say this tree is 5000 years old while others say it is 1000 years old. The width around the trunk of the tree is 50 ft while its height is 45ft. The uniqueness of this tree is that it’s leaves, and stems do not fall but shrink and merge with the main trunk of the tree.
These flowers are very dear to Sri Krishna and blossom in abundant clusters during Janmashtami and later slowly diminish and disappear.
In Sri Penusila Kshetram, Sri Annapurnamma (Mother to Divine Mother Sri Sri Sri Vijayeswari Devi), very fondly addressed as Ammamma (maternal grandmother), had planted several parijata plants about 40 years ago for Sri Vishnu and Salagrama pujas at the Manidweepa Mahasamsthanam. Today they are fully grown, and several pujas are performed offering these flowers. Initially Ammamma garu had placed the portrait of meditative Hanuman under the parijata tree.
Ammamma garu made sure that the surroundings around that tree were kept clean as a mirror. Like a ritual performed in the temple, early in the dawn, the tree would always shower several flowers, like it was performing archana to Lord Hanuman’s
portrait. Ammamma garu, later collected all these flowers and offered them in various other pujas.
Sometimes when devotees would visit the temple, their children would run around that tree. Ammamma garu would then gently and sweetly plead and ask them not to step on the fallen flowers as she announced ‘These flowers are for my Swami’. She was never known to have ever spoken a harsh word to anybody. Wherever there is devotion for Lord Krishna there is pure and blemish less love like fresh butter. To this saying, Ammamma garu had been an impeccable example.
Though physically not present with us, Ammamma garu has left a legacy by personally sowing all the precious jewels like parijata plants, tulasi plants and bilva trees, along with jack fruit, neredu (Malabar Plum) trees, guava trees, mango trees, pomegranate trees and plantain trees which are green, and lush with fruits and flowers. Tulasi and bilva leaves along with other flowers and fruit are collected from this garden that Ammamma garu created at the Shakti Pitham. They are used for archanas offered to the Deities in the Trishakti Peetam. Ammamma garu is still present amongst us in spirit through this Divine garden at Manidweepa.
It is a firm belief that, for however long pujas are done with flowers and fruit from sacred trees or offered for naivedyam, half the puja benefits go to whoever sowed such plants even after they leave this world.
After reading this article, if you like, you can also sow these sacred plants, in any temple or sacred place. Definitely sow all the flowering and fruiting plants, all your difficulties will dissolve, and you will attain many good fortunes and auspicious traditions will follow.
“Vruksho rakshita rakshitah”
Whoever plants and protects a tree, not only does he reap the benefits of the fruits and flowers that the tree gives, but he also accrues many merits resulting in the divine fruits that he will receive uninterruptedly.
Special Sri Parthasarathi Puja
Sponsor this special puja of Swami’s Divine Lotus Feet with Parijata Flowers.